The True Face of Evil – Umar ibn Al-Khattab

In The Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent & The Most Merciful

May Peace & Blessings Be Upon The Prophet Muhammad ibn Abdullah (saw) & His Holy Family (as)

Asalaamu Alaikum Wa-Rahmatullahi Wa-Barakatahu,

For over 1400 years Muslims and non-Muslims alike have been deceived into the revering of particular individuals in early Islamic history. These particular personalities have been made into heroic idols, praised for their great accomplishments, commended for their undying loyalty to The Prophet Muhammad ibn Abdullah (saw), and even claims that they were promised paradise regardless of their future actions.

With the day of Farhat Al-Zahra, the day of Lady Fatimah’s happiness, approaching us soon it is only proper we address one of this particular personalities. Umar ibn Al-Khattab was the second Caliph of the Bakri (i.e. Sunni) religion who highly respected and followed among the Bakri sect. He like many of those who went astray has been continued to be idolized and made into a ‘hero’ in early Islamic history, but what does history and reality reveal to us? The truth behind this man Umar ibn Al-Khattab shows us that the reality of who he was contradicts this glorified image we have been taught to believe by the so-called “mainstream”. It is time for us to learn the true face of Umar ibn Al-Khattab, a true face of evil.

The Attack on The House of Lady Fatimah al-Zahra (as)

Following the martyrdom of The Prophet Muhammad (saw) Abu Bakr has proclaimed his leadership as ‘Caliph’ (i.e. leader, head of state) over all the Muslims and the land they possessed. This was a falsified leadership and went against the decree of Al Quran and The Messenger of Allah (saw) who had given the divine right to succession of The Prophet (saw) to Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (as) and his offspring. The Bakri sect rejects this understanding of history and claim that Imam Ali (as) and his followers accepted the proclaimed leadership of Abu Bakr willingly with open arms, but is this true?

Reality shows us Imam Ali (as), his wife and the daughter of The Prophet (saw) Lady Fatimah Al-Zahra (as), along with the followers of the Ahlul Bayt (as) opposed Abu Bakr and his actions openly and without hesitation. From here I will begin to show, from the Ahadith and texts of the Bakri sect themselves, that this opposition exists and so took place the events that followed.

It is narrated within the Bakri text Al-Bukhari, which they claim is the “second most authentic book in the world after Al Quran”, that an opposition existed immediately after the proclamation of Abu Bakr’s leadership. In Al Bukhari Vol. 8 Narration 817 it states Umar ibn Al-Khattab said, “And no doubt after the death of The Prophet we were informed that the Ansar disagreed with us and gathered in the shed of Bani Sa’da. Ali, Zubair, and whoever was with them opposed us while the Al-Muhajiroon (the immigrants) gathered with Abu Bakr.”

Also within the other Bakri texts such as the Musnad of Ahmad ibn Hanbal Vol. 5 page 55, Sirah Al Nabawiyyah by Ibn Hisham Vol. 4 page 309, and The History of Tabari Vol. 1 page 1822 it states Umar ibn Al-Khattab said, “Ali ibn Abi Talib, Zubair ibn Awwam, and those who were with them separated from us and gathered in the house of Fatimah, the daughter of the messenger of Allah.”

The History of Tabari in its Vol. 9 pages 188-189 give us a more detailed account of what happened once Umar had reached the door and where a clear form of opposition was demonstrated within the presence of Imam Ali (as) himself who showed no objection to the behavior as it states, “They demanded confirmation of the oath, but Ali and al-Zubair stayed away. Al-Zubair drew his sword (from the scabbard), saying, “I will not put it back until the oath of allegiance is rendered to Ali.” When this news reached Abu Bakr and Umar, the latter said, “Hit him with a stone and seize the sword.” It is stated that Umar rushed (to the door of the House of Fatimah) and brought them forcibly while telling them that they must give their oath of allegiance willingly or unwillingly.”

So we must now ask from where would the theory come that Imam Ali (as) and his followers showed no opposition and welcomed the leadership of Abu Bakr with open arms when the very books of the Bakris themselves contradict this teaching of history? These are narrations not from any mere book, but from what the Bakri’s themselves will tell you is the second most authentic book in the entire world after Al Quran and narrated by the man who is the subject of this piece who they consider one of the most reliable narrators in their Usool Ahadith.

When this news reached Abu Bakr that there was most definitely and opposition to his self proclaimed rule, he had sent Umar along with a group of men to force Imam Ali (as), Lady Fatimah (as), and the others to give the allegiance to him willingly or unwillingly. We saw this demonstrated within the narration in The History of Tabari. However was this all Abu Bakr had ordered them to do?

Abu Bakr said himself on his own deathbed as reported within The History of Yaqubi Vol. 2 pages 115-116, “I wish I had not searched for Fatimah’s house, and had not sent men to harass her, though it would have caused a war if her house would have continued to be used as a  shelter.”

What was it that Abu Bakr regretted so deeply? It is reported within Iqd Al-Fareed by Ibn Abd’Rabb Part page 63 and Al Ghurar by Ibn Khazaben as related by Zayd ibn Aslam that,  “Imam Ali (as) and Abbas were sitting inside the house of Fatimah. Abu Bakr told Umar, “Go and bring them; if they refuse, kill them.”  Umar brought fire to burn the house. Fatimah came near the door and said: “O son of Khattab, have you come to burn our house on me and my children?”  Umar replied: “Yes I will, by Allah, until they come out and pay allegiance to the Prophet’s Caliph.”

Though Lady Fatimah’s attempt to reason with Umar, he still had decided to carry out his intention. There are various accounts of this event within the Bakri text. As it is reported within The History of Tabari Vol. 1 pages 1118-1120, The History of Ibn Athir Vol. 2 pages 325, Al-Istiab By Ibn Abd Al Barr Vol. 3 pages 975, Tarikh Al Khulafa by Ibn Qutaybah Vol. 1 page 20, and Al Imamah Wa Siayasah by Ibn Qutaybah Vol. 1 pages 19-20 that when Umar ibn Al-Khattab came the door of the house of Lady Fatimah (as), he said, “By Allah, I shall burn this house over you unless you come out and give the oath of allegiance to Abu Bakr”.

Umar also showed no shame in his actions as he carried out this horrific acts as its reported within Kanz Ummal Vol. 3 page 140 that Umar said to Lady Fatimah (as) (who was behind the door of her house): “I know that the Prophet of God did not love any one more than you, but this will not stop me to carry out my decision. If these people stay in your house, I will burn the door in front of you.”

This was the attack on the house of Lady Fatimah (as) ordered by Abu Bakr so that they would give their allegiance to him either willingly or unwillingly.

The Abuse Inflicted Upon Lady Fatimah During The Attack

We mentioned in the beginning of the article a particular hadith that spoke about the event as a whole with a bit more detail of what the dialogue and actions were during the actual attack of the house of Lady Fatimah (as). Let us look at that narration from Tabari once again, “They demanded confirmation of the oath, but Ali and al-Zubair stayed away. Al-Zubair drew his sword (from the scabbard), saying, “I will not put it back until the oath of allegiance is rendered to Ali.” When this news reached Abu Bakr and Umar, the latter said, “Hit him with a stone and seize the sword.” It is stated that Umar rushed (to the door of the House of Fatimah) and brought them forcibly while telling them that they must give their oath of allegiance willingly or unwillingly.”

“Umar rushed the door of the house of Fatimah and brought them forcibly”, during this assault on the house Lady Fatimah and others sustained injuries that would eventually lead to her miscarriage and death. Within Ibn Qutaybah’s Al Imamah Wa Siyasah Vol. 1 pages 19-20, Tarikh Yaqubi Vol. 2 pages 116, and Ansab Ashraf by Al Baladhuri Vol. 1 pages 582 and 586 it is stated “Although the timing is not clear, it seems that Ali and his group came to know about Saqifa after what had happened there. At this point, his supporters gathered in the house of Fatimah. Abu Bakr and Umar, fully aware of Ali’s claims and fearing a serious threat from his supporters, summoned him to the Masjid to swear the oath of allegiance. Ali refused, and so the house was surrounded by an armed band led by Abu Bakr and Umar, who threatened to set it on fire if Ali and his supporters refused to come out and swear allegiance to Abu Bakr. The scene great violent and Fatimah was furious”

If you remember on the hadith when Lady Fatimah (as) had tried to reason with Umar, she was directly behind the door, when Umar rushed the door way he pushed it into her belly and began to beat on her till it caused her miscarriage of the baby Muhsin. The injuries she sustained eventually led to her demise. This reality is affirmed both within Al-Dhahabi’s Syar Alaam Al Nubala vol. 15-578 and Ibn Hajir Asqalanis Lesaan Al Mezaan Vol. 1-824 that “a man read for him that Umar kicked Fatimah until she had a miscarriage with Muhsin”. Both of these are books by prominent Bakri Scholars.

Are we expected to believe the absurd claims that Lady Fatimah (as) simply died from grief? From crying to much? Rather should we believe in what the facts of history affirmed both within Bakri and Shia text? Lady Fatimah (as) remained angry with Abu Bakr and Umar till her death as a result of this event as well as the other injustices committed against her and the Ahlul Bayt (as). As it is reported within Al Bukhari Vol. 5 Narration 546, “Fatimah became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did not talk to him till she died. She remained alive for six months after    the death of the Prophet. When she died, her husband ‘Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself.”

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) said as reported even within the Bakri text Al Bukhari Vol. 4 Narration 61 and 111, “Fatimah is a part of me, whomever angered her has angered me”. So what do we say about Abu Bakr? What do we say about Umar? What do we say about these so-called companions who abused, oppressed, and martryed The Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) daughter. The daughter who he proclaimed to be the chief of women in paradise and the leader of the woman believers. As it is reported within the Bakri text Vol. 4 Narration 819, “Are you not satisfied that you are the chief of all the ladies of Paradise or the chief of all the believing women?”

The truth is there for each and everyone of us to see, we need only to open our eyes.

– Abdullah Ali Jones

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